New York City Council Wants to Find a Cure for Transit Deserts

Cities need you. Support Next City and have your gift matched.Donate

New York City Council Wants to Find a Cure for Transit Deserts

Tells DOT to keep access in mind when planning.

The view from an elevated subway platform in Queens (Photo by Oscar Perry Abello)

Last week, the New York City Council passed a bill that requires the NYC Department of Transportation to study and propose solutions to subway deserts — neighborhoods with poor access to a system whose average weekday ridership is more than 5 million.

Sponsored by Council Member Ydanis Rodriguez, who’s no stranger to pushing this agenda, the legislation is essentially an addendum to the DOT’s newly launched study of the city’s transit systems. The bill requires the department to take special consideration of transit deserts as it works to create a citywide transit plan.

“We know that major portions of the city are not connected to subway service and are left to rely on cars or long walks to get to subways or take unreliable bus service,” says Russell Murphy, Rodriguez’s deputy chief of staff. “We wanted the city to take a look at this and really develop a road map to connect those communities. If not necessarily by new subway construction, at least they’ll develop new strategies to ensure the communities are accounted for.”

Last year, Chris Wong, an urbanist and mapmaker, produced a map illustrating New York’s subway deserts. It shows areas in a 10-minute walk from subway stops, and large swaths of eastern Brooklyn and Queens and parts of the Bronx fall outside that parameter.

Murphy says poor subway access leads to more cars on the road and, in some cases, helps lock low-income communities in the cycle of poverty. He points to a 2015 Harvard study that found good transportation is a critical factor for upward economic mobility.

Though many New York neighborhoods do not have subway access, most of them are served by buses. In a press release announcing the likely passage of his bill, Rodriguez refers to a lack of subway access as a “transit desert.”

Because the outer boroughs have significant bus networks, TransitCenter Policy Director Jon Orcutt questions whether, “we’re really talking about transit deserts.” Still, he supports the bill and the city’s broader transit study. “We really like to see the city come to the table and say what they want to see in their transit network rather than sitting back and saying that’s MTA’s job. That’s a really healthy thing.”

Though the outer boroughs have bus service, it’s not necessarily up to snuff. Bus ridership has declined 16 percent over the last decade, likely in part because terrible traffic often reduces bus speeds to a walking pace.

Given the astronomical cost of new subway lines — phase one of the Second Avenue Subway extension cost about $2 billion per mile — improving bus service will likely be key to solving New York’s transit access problems.

“Absolutely bus rapid transit is part of the conversation,” says Murphy. “The city is building out some more BRT features on the Woodhaven line, which New York has not previously implemented on a full scale. We’re watching the project closely and seeing if that can be a new model.”

He also says they’ve been looking at how better bus service could potentially make traveling between boroughs easier too. The subway system is built on a hub and spoke design with Manhattan as the hub. Traveling from outer borough to outer borough by train often requires a lengthy jog through Manhattan.

Murphy says they’re also thinking about how the expansion of Citi Bike bike-share, while not a cure-all, could help.

Though the city is taking a proactive role in its transit system through its study and forthcoming plan, there’s only so much it can do to reshape and improve service in the city. MTA, the agency that operates New York City’s transit, is a state agency controlled by the state legislature.

Orcutt says one thing the city does control is street design. “They can come to the table with street improvements [such as bus lanes and priority signaling] to help move buses.”

“We hope that this can provide a roadmap,” says Murphy. “New York City has a working relationship with the MTA. Hopefully at the end of this process we’ll have some very strong recommendations for how to bring transit to these transit deserts. They’re things that might need funding in the long run, but at least we’ll be putting ideas in play.”

Josh Cohen is Crosscut’s city reporter covering Seattle government, politics and the issues that shape life in the city.

Follow Josh .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)

Tags: new york citysubwaysbus rapid transitcity councils

×
Next City App Never Miss A StoryDownload our app ×
×

You've reached your monthly limit of three free stories.

This is not a paywall. Become a free or sustaining member to continue reading.

  • Read unlimited stories each month
  • Our email newsletter
  • Webinars and ebooks in one click
  • Our Solutions of the Year magazine
  • Support solutions journalism and preserve access to all readers who work to liberate cities

Join 838 other sustainers such as:

  • Joseph at $5/Month
  • Anonymous at $40/Year
  • Anonymous in Shreveport, LA at $5/Month

Already a member? Log in here. U.S. donations are tax-deductible minus the value of thank-you gifts. Questions? Learn more about our membership options.

or pay by credit card:

All members are automatically signed-up to our email newsletter. You can unsubscribe with one-click at any time.

  • Donate $20 or $5/Month

    The 21 Best Solutions of 2021 special edition magazine

  • Donate $40 or $10/Month

    Brave New Home by Diana Lind